Good management of blood pressure is as important as good control of blood glucose and the reduction of cholesterol in preventing the complications of diabetes.
Diabetes and high blood pressure are two unfortunate complications that go hand in hand. Although diabetes has specific symptoms associated to it, high blood pressure generally goes undetected. The only way one can check for high blood pressure is using a blood pressure monitor. We, at IBD Medical are here to assist you with our range of blood pressure monitors by MEDEL, and some tips and support if you suffer with high blood pressure.
What is the science behind blood pressure?
Our heart is a muscle that pumps blood into our body’s organs and tissues. Blood is pumped out of the left side of your heart into the arteries and our blood vessels carry oxygen and nutrients to our body. As the blood pumps out of the heart and into the arteries, it pushes against the artery walls. Blood pressure is the measurement of the pressure of the blood on the walls of arteries. It is measured using two numbers.
The first number is the systolic blood pressure and measures the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart beats. The second number is the diastolic blood pressure and measures the pressure in our blood vessels when your heart rests between beats. Our blood pressure is expressed as a measurement with two numbers, one number on top (systolic) and one on the bottom (diastolic), like a fraction. For example, 118/79 mm Hg. If your blood pressure reading is less than or equal to 120/80 mm Hg, you are well within the normal range, with a healthy heart.
For diabetics, insulin, the hormone that breaks sugar down is either absent or non functional, making sugar we eat flow freely in the blood stream. This high blood sugar can cause damage to the walls of blood vessels and create a build up of fatty material, which in time, results in narrow blood vessels. The narrower the arteries, the more pressure is exerted by our blood on arteries, kind of like comparing the flow of water through a thin pipe to the same amount of water in a broad pipe.
Elevated Blood Pressure
Numbers higher than 120/80 mm Hg mean that we need to take on healthier habits till our numbers stabilize again. When our systolic pressure is between 120 and 129 mm Hg and our diastolic pressure is less than 80 mm Hg, it means we have elevated blood pressure. Although this does not imply rushing to the doctor, elevated blood pressure has a good chance of turning into actual high blood pressure, putting us at an increased risk of heart disease or a heart stroke. Here are a few tips you could use that could normalise your blood pressure numbers without taking on medication:
Regular physical activity
Exercise more often and stay consistent. It’s better to exercise 30 minutes every day rather than a few hours only on the weekends. You could also take long walks in the woods if you live close to nature. A 2010 study published in Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine found that participants who walked in a forest had lower blood pressure than those who strolled through a city environment.
Manage your weight better
Exercising without keeping a record of your weight and BMI may not give us the results we need. It is therefore important to keep a track of our progress. Check out our 5 tips to effectively manage your weight
Limit alcohol and quit smoking
Reduce your alcohol intake or stop drinking altogether for a while. It’s also important to quit or refrain from smoking as it is unhealthy for both your heart and your lungs.
Some people are sensitive to the effects of sodium and shouldn’t ideally consume more than 2,300 mg per day. Adults who already have hypertension may need to limit their sodium intake to 1,500 mg per day. At IBD Medical, we are here to help you with some fun, healthy recipes that have a high nutritive content. Check out our “recipe roundup
” with a new quick, fun and healthy recipe every week!
A blood pressure reading above 180/120 mm Hg indicates a serious health problem. The AHA refers to these high measurements as a “hypertensive crisis
.” Blood pressure in this range requires urgent treatment even if there are no accompanying symptoms.
How often should we check our blood pressure?
Hypertension is called a ‘silent killer’ because it often has no signs or symptoms, which means it could potentially be too late by the time it is diagnosed. High blood pressure increases the risk of a heart attack or a stroke. This is why it is necessary to check your blood pressure regularly. Remember that a single blood pressure reading doesn’t necessarily classify your health. An average of blood pressure reading taken over time is a more accurate way to go about this. This is why we recommend checking your blood pressure based on your health:
Once every 6 months for people with normal blood pressure
Once every 3 months for people with high blood pressure
Every 4-8 weeks if blood pressure medication keeps changing
It is now much easier to check your blood pressure using blood pressure monitors. Our MEDEL blood pressure monitors
allow you to quickly and easily monitor your blood pressure, whether you are at home, or even on the move!
Our Services and Blog posts are NOT intended to substitute any professional medical advice or treatment and are offered for informational purposes only. Remember to always work with your doctor before changing anything about your medication or diabetes management. The above information is NOT medical advice.