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Dealing with Diabetes during pregnancy

by IBD Medical on July 15, 2022

pregnant woman

Women managing Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes may encounter extra risks during pregnancy. Therefore, having the support of a team of health professionals is essential. Even if you already take very good care of yourself, pregnancy is a time where you need to take extra care. It is important for your baby’s and your own health that your blood sugar levels are kept stable. 

Predominantly, having a plan is essential as having diabetes during pregnancy can increase risk of health problems in the developing baby and may increase chances of an early miscarriage. The risk is higher when blood glucose levels before and during early pregnancy have not been within the target range. The target range is 4.0-5.5 mmol/L before meals and less than 7.0 mmol/L two hours after a meal. The risk is also higher for other complications during the pregnancy, such as maternal high blood pressure and pre-eclampsia as well as giving birth to a large baby. 

It is also possible to develop diabetes during pregnancy. This is called gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Most women will no longer have diabetes after the baby is born however some may continue to have high blood glucose levels after delivery. GDM is the fastest growing type of diabetes around the world, affecting thousands of pregnant women. For precautions women should be tested for gestational diabetes 24-28 weeks of pregnancy.  

For women with pre-existing diabetes: start planning as soon as you begin thinking about wanting to have a baby and make an appointment with your doctor. Your doctor will help you manage your diabetes and blood glucose levels for the best possible outcome. Diabetes Australia recommends that you have a review of your diabetes and general health at least three to six months before you start trying for a baby. 

Ensure that you screen for diabetes complications and review all your current medications to check that they are safe to take during pregnancy. It is also recommended that women with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes start taking high doses of folic acid at least a month before pregnancy and throughout the first trimester.  

If planned for correctly you are able to manage a pregnancy with low to no risks. However it is always important to seek advice from medical professionals.


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Glucology Store was born in Sydney Australia. Our mission is to help improve the lives of people living with diabetes by providing the best possible support products and information. 

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Remember to always seek advice from your medical practitioner before changing anything about your diabetes management. The above information is not medical advice.