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As an overview, T1D is managed with several insulin injections a day (the injections can be up to 6 times a day) or with the use of an insulin pump. Besides insulin injection, there are a few basic management steps to help you stay healthy, such as monitoring your glucose levels. We’ll lay out some essential basic management steps to help you get started!
For those who are very newly diagnosed with T1D, a mindful information to note is that your body’s pancreas may still produce insulin and therefore, your insulin needs during this phase may vary. Eventually, however, your pancreas will unfortunately stop producing insulin completely.
Basic management overview for T1D: Monitoring your blood glucose levels
You’ll be monitoring your blood glucose levels (BGL) regularly over the span of your day, in line with your GP’s advice. Monitoring will be important for you to be aware of your levels and ensure it is as close to your target range as possible. Your BGL target range can vary, depending on your circumstance. We would advise to work this plan out with your GP, endocrinologist or credential-led diabetes educator.
How you can keep your BGL within the optimal range is through a careful mix of what you eat, your physical activity and your medication. When your BGL is too high, this can lead to hyperglycaemia or Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA). When your BGL is too low, this can lead to hypoglycaemia.
Your diabetes educator can help show you how to check your BGL and appropriate techniques to help you check with confidence. This can be done on either a: