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Sleep disruption can have significant metabolic effects and is can be associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. Understanding the relationship between sleep, metabolism, and these health conditions is crucial for developing effective interventions and preventive strategies. This article explores the intricate links between sleep disruption, obesity, and diabetes and how to overcome it.
As we discussed in the article "Complications from lack of Sleep" how effects of sleep deprivation, links to obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease; here is another chart which explains how obesity is linked to the development of diabetes.
Figure 1-The Intricate Relationship and Pathophysiology Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) and Diabetes Mellitus (Chattu, V., Chattu, S., Burman, D., Spence, D. and Pandi-Perumal, S, 2019)
As studies by Diabetes Spectrum have provided evidence that OSA independently raises the likelihood and seriousness of type 2 diabetes, irrespective of age and obesity(Doumit, J. and Prasad, B., 2016).
About sleep Apoena:
“Sleep apnea is a common condition in which your breathing stops and restarts many times while you sleep. This can prevent your body from getting enough oxygen.” (www.nhlbi.nih.gov. ,2022)
Various studies confirmed that sleep apnoea is more common in people who have both obesity and diabetes. Such studies also showed that sleep apnoea tends to be more severe when someone has both diabetes and obesity. A study conducted in Japan examined the connection between sleep duration and untreated diabetes in men. The findings revealed that a shorter sleep duration was significantly linked to untreated diabetes in both non-obese and obese men (Chattu, V., Chattu, S., Burman, D., Spence, D. and Pandi-Perumal, S. , 2019).
Maintaining metabolic health is essential for reducing the risk of obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Here are some key factors to focus on:
Remember, individual needs may vary, so it's important to consult with healthcare professionals, such as doctors and registered dietitians, for personalised advice tailored to your specific circumstances. By adopting a holistic approach to your lifestyle that focuses on healthy eating, regular physical activity, sufficient sleep, stress management, and regular health check-ups, you can support your metabolic health and reduce the risk of obesity and diabetes.
Chattu, V., Chattu, S., Burman, D., Spence, D. and Pandi-Perumal, S. (2019). ‘The Interlinked Rising Epidemic of Insufficient Sleep and Diabetes Mellitus’. Healthcare, 7(1), p.37. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010037
Doumit, J. and Prasad, B. (2016). 'Sleep Apnea in Type 2 Diabetes'. Diabetes Spectrum, [online] 29(1), pp.14–19. doi: https://doi.org/10.2337/diaspect.29.1.14
Nedeltcheva, A.V. and Scheer, F.A.J.L. (2014). Metabolic effects of sleep disruption, links to obesity and diabetes. Current Opinion in Endocrinology & Diabetes and Obesity, 21(4), pp.293–298. doi: https://doi.org/10.1097/med.0000000000000082
www.nhlbi.nih.gov. (2022). Sleep Apnea - What Is Sleep Apnea? | NHLBI, NIH. [online] Available at: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/sleep-apnea#:~:text=Sleep%20apnea%20is%20a%20common.